News | NTIA-RUS Forum | Day 4, Session 1
WASHINGTON, March 20, 2009 – Experts and citizens split words at the NTIA/RUS Thursday morning public roundtable seeking to define broadband – an essential element to determine what projects receive federal funding under stimulus spending.
Thursday was the fourth of six days of public hearings by the Commerce Department’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration and the Agriculture Department’s Rural Utilities Service on how to spend $7.2 billion in broadband funds.
The discussion will continue in Washington on Monday and Tuesday.
Mark Lloyd, vice president of strategic initiatives at the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, said the definition of broadband should be centered around speeds and how broadband can serve as a means of communication. He said the debate has its source in the legal frameworks adopted by Congress in the Telecommunications Act of 1996.
"New definitions must focus on hard speeds,” said Lloyd. “Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results. We cannot manage what we cannot measure.”
Stagg Newman, principal of Piggah Communication Consulting, said definitions should center around understanding what the service is, acceptable network infrastructure, and a series of metrics by which to measure both.
"A backbone network from central and surrounding areas is needed across the nation. Infrastructure is also needed for emergency responders, and a satellite back-up for geographical cover," he said.
Newman added: "Let us consider trade-offs to affordability. I know that is controversial but let us put it out there."
Fred Campbell, president and CEO of Wireless Communication Association, said that "the definition should be viewed as a gating mechanism, not a measure of evaluating grant eligibility."
Dave Malfura, president and CEO of ETC Group, LLC., said broadband should be defined as "a service which allows users to access the world's resources and its inhabitants without Encumbrances.”
The components must be defined at granular level too, he said. Speed, he said, is a moveable target, and market forces will keep changing it.
"By supporting at a minimum level as laid down in law, we would fulfill the Hippocratic Oath, 'Do no harm,' first," he said.
Tom DeReggi, vice president and legislative committee director for the Wireless Internet Providers' Association (and founder of Rapid DSL & Wireless internet service provider), said the speeds will be determined by market forces and the environments of operation.
"We could do so much more if we were empowered and none of us left to do anything alone," he said.
DeReggi continued: "We'll need technology that does not require permits in order for us to implement and engineer. We'll need to stand by people who have vested interests in helping their communities and nurture relationships with stakeholders."
Daniel Mitchell, vice president for the legal and industry division of the National Telecommunications Corporation, said the crisis of definition was both "elusive and evolving."
"The definition must meet existing and emerging needs. Unserved ought to mean no service at all, and underserved to mean anything below standards set up by the Federal Communications Commission," he said.
Chris Vein, chief information officer of San Francisco, said the underserved people need video, voice and data. Broadband speeds, he said, might need to be symmetrical.
"We need fiber-optics and high speed wireless. Let us go for the greatest speed possible. Let us pursue public-private partnerships. And let us not forget that communities vary across the country and even within cities," he said.
Leroy Watson, legislative director for the National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, said the crisis of definition won't be wished away, and that both short and long-term goals must be determined.
"There will be various technical issues to be ironed out. Active and passive applications on the web should be supported, including interactions with third-party players," he said.
The United States, he added, is a large continent and broadband is just be one of the many steps required to meet the needs of neglected peoples and areas in the country's 200 year history.
During the public comment phase, the audience expressed concern over the tension between market forces and the public interest, about eligibility guidelines, and about the viability of relying on market forces in view of recent economic setbacks.
They also raised issues about the broadband stimulus funds pitting rural and urban areas, about broadband reliability, redundancy and security in the context of public safety.