BROADBAND BREAKFAST INSIGHT: It is truly astonishing to see an incumbent provider, such as Verizon, taking the position that there must be easier access to poles and rights of way. But that's a good thing! Perhaps this is evidence of how far Verizon has moved away from the public utility model, but it is a promising development that getting rights-of-way may become easier to obtain in the future.
One-touch make-ready: Taking the pole position, by Katherine Saunders of Verizon:
Deploying the next generation of broadband facilities – fiber and small cells – efficiently and quickly is critical to maintaining the U.S.’s global leadership in wireless. As we and others string fiber and deploy thousands of small cells, we need straight-forward, efficient processes. The need for speed and for reasonable terms is essential as we seek to attach to poles, access rights of way, access buildings, and provide for backhaul – all the nitty-gritty work involved in deploying broadband on a wide scale.
Verizon is in a unique position to weigh in on how these issues affect deployment. We are one of the few broadband providers with experience both as a pole owner and as a wireline and wireless attacher to other people’s poles. Within our wireline footprint, we own some poles and often attach to electric utility poles. Our competitive wireline operations also attach to poles, both in and out of footprint. As a nationwide wireless provider, we attach our equipment to poles owned by both Verizon and by other entities nationwide. With 4G densification and 5G – each of which relies on a dense network of small cell antennae – the pole attachment process becomes all the more important. As we roll out next generation wireless technology, we need practices and processes that will increase the speed and efficiency for getting new broadband facilities out in the field.
Unfortunately, in the past, we – and others – have faced delays in getting access to poles quickly and for a reasonable cost. And even after we get permission to attach our equipment to a pole and have completed the often lengthy and convoluted local permitting processes to install new facilities, we still have to work through the mechanics of actually attaching new facilities to a pole.
Under the current system, a new attacher must contact a pole owner to get permission to attach, wait for a survey, and then, wait some more as each existing attacher moves or adjusts their attachments – a process called “make-ready” (literally, making-the-pole-ready for the new attachment). Right now, this often proceeds sequentially, with multiple reviews and truck rolls for each of the providers already attached to the pole. It can take six months to a year – and piles of paperwork – to get a new attachment approved and placed on a pole.