June 9, 2020 — Though disinformation is rampant online, there is still hope that social media companies can control it, said Ryan Calo, principal investigator at the Center for an Informed Public, in an interview on KUOW Public Radio Tuesday.
While social media platforms have recently seen vast amounts of false information about the coronavirus pandemic and national protests, social media companies like Facebook have been able to block similarly harmful content in the past, Calo said.
“You just don’t see online gambling advertisements the way you used to; you don’t see jihadi recruitment videos the way you used to,” he pointed out.
However, Calo claimed that companies must be placed under pressure in order for them to want to cut down on harmful content.
“What you see over time is that when a company is highly motivated to put an end to something…they've been really good at it,” he said.
Calo also argued for increased responsibility for those in positions of authority who knowingly share false or misleading material. If they recognize that the content they shared was misleading, he said, they should take steps to clarify and correct the mistake.
“The best practice is that they should come clean about it, and they should take a screenshot of it,” he said. “Delete the actual tweets so it can’t continue to propagate.”
Calo said that these measures are crucial in an age of uncertainty about social media platforms’ responsibility for misleading content on their websites.
These concerns reached a high point in late May when President Donald Trump tweeted that mail-in ballots will be “substantially fraudulent.”
“Mail boxes [sic] will be robbed, ballots will be forged & even illegally printed out & fraudulently signed. The Governor of California is sending Ballots to millions of people, anyone living in the state, no matter who they are or how they got there, will get one,” he tweeted.
Twitter added warning labels to the tweets, saying that they were misleading and urging users to “Get the facts about mail-in ballots.”
In response, Trump signed an executive order attempting to roll back protections on Twitter and other platforms that choose to engage with content moderation.
However, Calo said that Twitter’s actions were not only constitutional but also part of the cost of opting into their service in the first place.
“The First Amendment limits what the government can do, not what Twitter can do as a private company,” he said. “...The President can’t stop them from commenting on what he’s saying.”
The interview can be viewed here.
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