WASHINGTON, February 28, 2018 – Advocates of net neutrality are pushing for congressional action to overturn a December action by the Federal Communications Commission to repeal such rules. But they will have an uphill battle if they expect President Trump to sign off on gutting an action by his appointee to lead the FCC.
In his first year in office, Trump signed 15 congressional joint resolutions meant to repeal regulations passed in the waning days of the Obama administration. Now, House and Senate Democrats – plus one Senate Republican, Sen. Susan Collins of Maine – support what would be a 16th joint congressional resolution.
The regulations formerly known as net neutrality rules
The regulations formerly known as net neutrality rules prohibited broadband providers like Comcast and Verizon from interfering with users’ internet traffic or prioritizing some traffic over others. The FCC under Obama appointed Tom Wheeler did this by classifying broadband internet access services as common carriers under Title II of the Communications Act.
Having been overturned by the FCC in a party-line vote on December 14, the official publication of the repeal was published in the Federal Register on February 22 and will therefore the official repeal will take effect in 60 days, or on April 23, 2018.
Supporters of the Obama-era rules have responded to the FCC’s decision to abandon them by filing a federal lawsuit against the FCC in hopes that a court will order Pai and his colleagues to return to enforcing common carrier regulations on broadband providers.
Using the Congressional Review Act to reverse agency actions
But other longtime network neutrality proponents like Sen. Ed Markey, D-Mass., are hoping they can show turnabout to be much more than “fair play” by reinstating the Title II open internet rules with the same strategy used by Congressional Republicans and President Trump to dismantle Barack Obama’s legacy using Congressional Review Act resolutions to overturn regulations on the environment, gun safety, financial consumer protection, broadband privacy, and workplace safety.
Markey and his 49 Senate co-sponsors hope that the 60-day window will be enough time to prevent a tiebreaking vote by Vice President Mike Pence. For that, Markey and Collins will need one more vote, presumably from a Republican.
Meanwhile, House Democrats will need to hustle to line up enough GOP members to secure a bare majority in the House. The passage of such a resolution – if signed by Trump – would “disapprove” Pai’s rules and prevent the FCC from ever repealing the Title II reclassification unless Congress specifically gives it the authority in a separate bill.
Statements from a Capitol Hill media event to promote the CRA resolution
“The grassroots movement to reinstate net neutrality is growing by the day, and we will get that one more vote needed to pass my CRA resolution,” Markey said while speaking at a Capitol Hill media event to promote his resolution and bring attention to what activists called a “day of action” on network neutrality.
Markey also urged his Republican colleagues to join the “overwhelming majority of Americans” who support a free and open internet. “The internet is for all – the students, teachers, innovators, hard-working families, small businesses, and activists, not just Verizon, Charter, AT&T, and Comcast and corporate interests.”
Markey’s resolution presents an opportunity for Republicans “to right this administration’s wrong and reinstate the FCC’s Open Internet Order,” said Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-New York.
“It’s time the Republicans show the American people whose side they’re on: big ISPs and major corporations or consumers, entrepreneurs, and small business owners.”
House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-California, called on her Republican colleagues to “stop the FCC assault on consumer choice and consumer protections” by supporting the House version of Markey’s bill, even as it has failed to gain a single GOP co-sponsor since being introduced by Rep. Mike Doyle, D-Penn.
“The Trump Administration’s attacks on net neutrality deliver a disastrous blow to consumers, small businesses and the American entrepreneurship that is the envy of the world,” Pelosi said. “It gives me great pride to stand with Democrats and millions of Americans to defend the promise of a free, open Internet.”
Social media action using the #OneMoreVote hashtag
The “day of action” had a strong online presence, as activists used the #OneMoreVote hashtag to raise awareness on various social media platforms.
The offline protests, which were organized by Free Press, Fight for the Future and Demand Progress, the advocacy group founded by the late internet activist Aaron Swartz, went beyond the Capitol Hill rally at which Markey spoke.
These activists coordinated protests outside the district offices of eight Republican Senators, including Cory Gardner, Rob Portman, Jerry Moran, Orrin Hatch, Lisa Murkowski, and Marco Rubio, as well as Dean Heller of Nevada – whose seat is often considered a potential Democratic pickup – and John Kennedy of Louisiana.
Markey’s resolution also gained praise from Chris Lane, a vice president at Public Knowledge, a consumer advocacy group that has long advocated strong open internet protections. Lane said his group applauds Markey, Schumer, and their colleagues “for their leadership introducing this resolution to overturn the FCC’s net neutrality repeal.”
“Without the FCC protecting consumers, the prices of broadband continues to rise, privacy breaches online stack up, and communities are given sub-standard internet connections through redlining in urban areas and neglect in rural ones,” Lane said.
“The CRA provides the fastest way to restore strong net neutrality rules that are wildly popular, working to produce billions of dollars in investment and innovation, and were upheld in court twice. Only in Washington, where high-paid lobbyists hold sway, is this a controversial set of rules.”
In the end, the Trump White House vows that it would not support a CRA action against FCC
But even if Markey’s Senate bill finds a second Republican vote and Doyle’s House bill garners such overwhelming bipartisan support that House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wisconsin, allows it to the floor, White House Deputy Press Secretary Hogan Gidley poured cold water on Democrats’ hopes for using the CRA.
“The Trump Administration supports the FCC’s efforts to roll back burdensome, monopoly-era regulations,” Gidley said, when asked whether Trump would sign a resolution to effectively reinstate the Obama-era open internet rules his own FCC chairman voted to overturn.
(Image from Fight for the Future used with permission.)
Proposed Antitrust Legislation Not the Way to Regulate Big Tech, Panelists Say
Legislation currently before Congress will hurt American tech’s global competitiveness, event hears.
WASHINGTON, June 29, 2022 – Critics at a Foreign Policy magazine event blasted the efforts of the Federal Trade Commission and lawmakers to crack down on Big Tech, saying legislative efforts could impact America’s global competitiveness in the tech industry.
On Thursday, panelists were divided on how Washington should approach antitrust legislation proposals, referencing six antitrust bills introduced to Congress in June 2021 that target big tech companies. Those bills – including the American Choice and Innovation Online Act, H.R. 3816, Platform Competition and Opportunity Act, H.R. 3826, Ending Platform Monopolies Act, H.R. 3825, Augmenting Compatibility and Competition by Enabling Service Switching (ACCESS) Act, H.R. 3849, Merger Filing Fee Modernization Act, H.R. 3843, and State Antitrust Enforcement Venue Act, H.R. 3460 – aim to rein in the power of Big Tech through anticompetitive measures, new merger and acquisition review, and providing government enforcers more power to break-up or separate big businesses.
Sean Heather, senior vice president of international regulatory affairs and antitrust from the U.S. Chamber of Congress, criticized current antitrust laws saying it will hurt U.S. competition in the global world. He said “the answer is not to do it through antitrust” or implementing “sweeping judgement” that puts all businesses under one rubric. Instead, he suggested “targeted legislation” that would address individual issues of each business.
Clete Willems, from the Atlantic Council’s geoeconomics center, said that many of the proposed antitrust laws are ineffective. He stated a major flaw of these bills is that they penalize big technology companies because of their size, instead of for abuses of market power in common business practices.
Willems said that the bills simply ban “big tech companies because they are big but are not tying it to abuse of market power. That to me illustrates the fundamental problem with this agenda.”
Some panelists echoed flaws presented by Robert Atkinson, president of the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation in April, saying that antitrust regulation could hamper U.S. competition in the tech world or negatively hurt customers, as FTC Commissioner Noah Phillips said in May.
‘Time is Now’ for Separate Big Tech Regulatory Agency, Public Interest Group Says
‘We need to recognize that absolutely the time is now. It is neither too soon nor too late.’
WASHINGTON, June 21, 2022 – Public Knowledge, non-profit public interest group, further advocated Thursday support for the Digital Platform Commission Act introduced in the Senate in May that would create a new federal agency designed to regulate digital platforms on an ongoing basis.
“We need to recognize that absolutely the time is now. It is neither too soon nor too late,” said Harold Feld, senior vice president at Public Knowledge.
The DPCA, introduced by Senator Michael Bennet, D-CO., and Representative Peter Welch, D-VT., would, if adopted, create a new federal agency designed to “provide comprehensive, sector-specific regulation of digital platforms to protect consumers, promote competition, and defend the public interest.”
The independent body would conduct hearings, research and investigations all while promoting competition and establishing rules with appropriate penalties.
Public Knowledge primarily focuses on competition in the digital marketplace. It champions for open internet and has openly advocated for antitrust legislation that would limit Big Tech action in favor of fair competition in the digital marketspace.
Feld published a book in 2019 titled, “The Case for the Digital Platform Act: Breakups, Starfish Problems and Tech Regulation.” In it, Feld explains the need for a separate government agency to regulate digital platforms.
Digital regulation is new but has rapidly become critical to the economy, continued Feld. As such, it is necessary for the government to create a completely new agency in order to provide the proper oversight.
In the past, Congress empowered independent bodies with effective tools and expert teams when it lacked expertise to oversee complex sectors of the economy but there is no such body for digital platforms, said Feld.
Young American Views on Social Media Regulation Shaped by Use, Panelists Discuss
A March Gallup and Knight study found young Americans are less concerned about hurtful online discourse.
WASHINGTON, June 13, 2022 – Panelists at a Gallup event on Wednesday said young American’s use of social media primarily as an entertainment source shapes their views on tech regulation.
The view comes after a March study by Gallup and Knight said that young Americans aged 18 to 34 are less likely to stay within partisan boundaries about tech regulation. The study of 10,000 adults sought to compile American views on internet regulation and found that young adults are less likely to be very concerned about hurtful discourse online than adults 55 and older.
The report outlined a dichotomy between older and younger generations, with the report indicating that younger Americans are more motivated to participate in “traditional” civic behaviors like attending protests or donating to social causes as a result of social media than their older counterparts.
The older generation, on the other hand, generally use social media as a news source, the report claimed.
The study comes amid debate about what types of antitrust action needs to be taken by Washington on big tech companies with respect to content management. Some Americans are concerned that social media platforms allow for the spread of misinformation and hate speech. The study was conducted to better understand how U.S. citizens view regulation of online content and the responsibility for the internet’s governance.
The study developed six broad sample groups. One of these groups was “the unfazed digital natives,” characterizing 19 percent of the population. This group was the youngest of segments and favored, regardless of party affiliation, “individual responsibility and a hands-off approach by the government. Nevertheless, they support some degree of content moderation by social media companies.”
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