January 19, 2021—The U.S. Department of Commerce issued a new rule on Thursday, following up on Executive Order 13873, concerned with “Securing Information and Communication Technology and Services Supply Chain.”
This rule will further the protection of U.S. citizens’ data and personal information and identifies six foreign governments considered foreign adversaries: China, Russia, Iran, North Korea, Cuba, and Venezuela.
On May 15, 2019, President Donald Trump issued E.O. 13873, which grants the Secretary of Commerce the authority to prohibit certain ICTS Transactions that have been “designed, developed, manufactured, or supplied by persons owned by, controlled by, or subject to the jurisdiction or direction of foreign adversaries” and that pose an undue or unacceptable risk to the national security of the United States.
White House officials said the rule does not prohibit technology or ban imports, but it creates cause for investigation into suspicious transactions and allows the Secretary of Commerce to block or prohibit certain transactions.
This rule allows investigations on specific technologic subjects, such as applications and computer services that host data, share a large number of features and personal information, and are used by more than 1 million people, said the officials. One popular example that may affect the population is TikTok.
The new rule is effective 60 days from its publication, allowing the Department to identify and regulate national security concerns.
Due to the timing of the establishment of the new rule, it will be up to the administration of President-elect Joe Biden to move forward with it.
Telegram shuts down hundreds of public calls for violence
This Monday, Telegram’s founder Pavel Durov said his application service had to take down dozens of channels over the course of the last day, citing concerns that the accounts were inciting violence.
In a public post, he wrote “Telegram welcomes peaceful debate and protest, but our Terms of Service explicitly prohibit distributing public calls to violence.”
Durov said that “the team acted decisively by clamping down on U.S. channels that advocated violence. Thanks to these efforts, last week our moderators blocked and shut down hundreds of public calls for violence that could’ve otherwise reached tens of thousands of subscribers.”
Telegram and other platforms have recently seen enormous increases in violent threats on networks, in light of upcoming political events.
This term of service has been enforced in other countries where Telegram has large customer bases and the company has previously expressed that: “Сivil movements all over the world rely on Telegram in order to stand up for human rights, without resorting to inflicting harm.”
Some have critiqued Durov’s post for failing to discuss the encryption feature on Telegram that protects user’s conversations from outside access. The feature has lately raised conversations surrounding how efficient it can be, and further, what the regulatory lines are that protect user’s privacy.
Three overlooked impacts President Trump has had on technology
Many will remember President Donald Trump for his controversial Twitter posts, but the Republican president has made some changes in the technology field that may have a long-term effect.
Ban on Chinese drones
Trump imposed a near-ban on government use of Chinese drones, after a warning from the Department of Defense, Homeland Security and Justice, and the Interior Department. He stopped all use of non-emergency Chinese made drones, citing national security concerns related to espionage.
The Commerce Department placed a trade blacklist with the world’s largest civilian drone manufacture Shenzhen DJI Sciences and Technologies, that directly impacted the company’s relationship with Microsoft and PrecisionHawk. This action caused further restrictions on the use of Chinese-made technology.
Action against robocalls
For many years, the American population has been plagued by calls made by robots, while little has been done by the federal government to change. During his term, Trump succeeded in working with Congress to change the overbearing presence of robocalls.
At the end of 2019, Trump signed a law crafted to ensure phone companies install technology that ensures calls are authentic, which further strengthened the federal government’s enforcement powers. The responsibility to work with state lawyers, in creating fines and controlling these unwanted calls, has since been passed on to Federal Communications Commission Chairman Ajit Pai.
Dominance and power of tech giants
The growth and power of social media platforms and other tech companies has caused much concern to both political parties. The influence of tech giants, such as Google, Amazon, and Facebook, have over the population has caused two antitrust agencies, the Federal Trade Commission and the Department of Justice to take action, requiring some formal, governmental regulation of their services.
Recently, the Federal Trade Commission under Chair Joe Simons, who was appointed by Trump, filed a lawsuit against Facebook.
Court Strikes Social Media Law, Industry Likes Cyber Initiative, Meta Data Transparency Project
Key provisions in the social media law signed by Gov. Ron DeSantis was found unconstitutional by an appeals court.
May 24, 2022 – The 11th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in a unanimous 3-0 decision Monday that key provisions in Florida’s social media censorship law is unconstitutional, following a preliminary injunction granted by a Florida judge last year.
The social media law, signed by Governor Ron DeSantis, would have prohibited companies from banning politicians on their platforms and limit their content moderation and editorial decisions, claiming that social media platforms are suppliers of a platform who should have no hand in the flow of information. The law was adopted following a number of high-profile Republican figures were banned from social media platforms, including former President Donald Trump from Twitter.
But the court found that provisions that allowed for the law to prevent tech platforms from removing political figures and posts by political candidates – key provisions in the law – were unconstitutional, affirming the court’s decision when it temporarily stopped the law from taking effect until it made a final determination. The court, however, found some provisions regarding data and disclosure requirements to remain in force.
The ruling came in response to a lawsuit issued by NetChoice and Computer and Communications Industry Association.
The decision comes nearly two weeks after a federal appeals court temporarily lifted restrictions on a similar law in Texas until the courts can make a final determination.
The court said in its decision that, “not in their wildest dreams could anyone in the Founding generation have imagined Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, or TikTok. But whatever the challenges of applying the Constitution to ever-advancing technology, the basic principles of freedom of speech and the press, like the First Amendment’s command, do not vary when a new and different medium for communication appears.”
Industry commends Biden administration for progress on federal cybersecurity
Experts are applauding the White House’s progress in the year since President Joe Biden signed an executive order to focus on cybersecurity, according to The Hill, specifically highlighting the improvements in sharing threat information from government to private sector.
“I think the public-private partnership portion of the executive order has really been key,” said Kelly Rozumalski, senior vice president at IT consulting firm Booz Allen Hamilton, explaining that the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Alliance has now partnered with numerous companies in the private sector to push for cybersecurity.
“I’ve seen much more directive, actionable steps coming out now and I think the executive order is a big reason for that,” added Chris Wysopal, chief technology officer of Veracode. “[The order] sort of changed the status quo from best practices to practicality.”
The executive order in May of 2021 introduced several initiatives to secure federal networks and critical infrastructure against cyberattacks, which included sharing threat information, modernizing federal cybersecurity standards, and improving software supply chain security.
The order was enacted amid major cyberattacks, including oil transport company Colonial Pipeline and software company SolarWinds. As a result of the order, said The Hill, many companies are taking software security more seriously and require that suppliers sell them upgraded and secure software.
In March, Congress passed the Cyber Incident Reporting for Critical Infrastructure Act, which requires private sector companies to report incidents of cyberattacks to the federal government.
Meta announces data transparency project
Meta, the parent company of Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp, announced on Monday the Facebook Open Research and Transparency project, which will grant access to researchers to data on how political advertising can be targeted on their platforms.
Meta, according to New York times, has given outsiders access into how political ads were used in the past, but only with certain restrictions. Meta claims that “by making advertiser targeting criteria available for analysis and reporting on ads run about social issues, elections, and politics, we hope to help people better understand the practices used to reach potential voters.”
The project will be initiated by the end of the month. The data will allow researchers to see what interest categories advertisers chose for each post. Meta will also include summaries of targeting information the Ad Library which is currently publicly available.
D.C. Attorney General Sues Zuckerberg, Carr Criticizes Infrastructure Bill Details, Vermont to Expand Fiber Builds
The lawsuit comes years after Facebook was found to have been used to harvest personal data for political purposes.
May 23, 2022 – On Monday, Washington D.C. Attorney General Karl Racine sued Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg for alleged consumer privacy violations revealed during the Facebook-Cambridge Analytica scandal that broke in 2018.
In his office’s filings with the D.C. Superior Court, Racine argued that “Facebook is far from a disinterested platform” and that it “[derives] enormous wealth from acquiring and monetizing the data of [billions of people] leading their lives in Facebook’s digital ecosystem.
“But even that is not enough,” the filing read. “Facebook is in a relentless pursuit to expand its reach on humanity and bring an ever-increasing number of people under its influence.”
To that end, the filings stated that “Cambridge Analytica used the Facebook Platform—in a way that Facebook and Zuckerberg encouraged—to influence and manipulate the outcome of a United States presidential election.”
As co-founder, CEO, chairman, and majority voting shareholder (Zuckerberg holds 60 percent of Meta’s voting shares according to the filings), Racine stated that Zuckerberg “maintains an unparalleled level of control over the operations of Facebook,” and thus bears the responsibility for its actions.
FCC Commissioner Carr says NTIA broadband infrastructure details picks “winners and losers”
Federal Communications Commissioner Brendan Carr released a statement expressing concern that the application details for broadband funding under the infrastructure bill released this month prioritizes one technology over others.
“[The notices of funding opportunity] will prevent states from funding projects that could quickly bridge the digital divide using those high-speed technologies in nearly all cases—putting too much of a thumb on the scale for fiber builds that provide robust service but can take years to build out in certain cases,” Carr said in a statement Thursday, but added, “I have no doubt that fiber projects would demonstrate their value in the lion’s share of cases.”
The week prior, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration’s released those funding details, which included an answer to a question about its technology preference for the builds. “With respect to the deployment of last-mile broadband infrastructure, the Program prioritizes projects designed to provide fiber connectivity directly to the end user,” the Commerce agency said in the 98-page NOFO.
Carr stated that this will “undoubtedly waste taxpayer dollars and leave families waiting on the wrong side of the digital divide.”
The Republican commissioner also condemned what he perceived as rate regulation and overbuilding.
“In the end, the Administration’s decision to pursue those political goals—rather than focusing on connecting the largest number of people as quickly as possible—will exacerbate the supply chain challenges and workforce shortages that already pose a hurdle to getting the job done.”
Vermont governor announces fiber grants
On Monday, Vermont Republican Gov. Phil Scott announced broadband grants totaling more than $16 million.
The grants will be focused on deploying more than 9,000 miles of fiber across Bolton and several other towns in the northeast corner of Vermont.
Scott was set to be joined by Vermont’s at-large congressional representative Democratic Rep. Peter Welch at 12 noon ET in Jericho, Vt., to formally unveil the project in question.
Senate Bill Would Alter Google Advertising, DOJ Cybersecurity Policy Reversal, Comcast on Hybrid Fiber-Coax
Senate introduces bill breaking up Google’s digital advertising business
May 20, 2022 – On Thursday a bipartisan group of senators on the Judiciary Committee introduced a bill that would force Google to break up its industry-leading online advertising exchange.
The Competition and Transparency in Digital Advertising Act would prohibit large companies like Google from both operating an ad exchange and a supply- or demand-side platform, should they process more than $20 billion in ad transactions.
The bill would also require Facebook to divest some of its advertising business.
“Companies like Google and Facebook have been able to exploit their unprecedented troves of detailed user data to obtain vice grip-like control over digital advertising,” said bill sponsor Sen. Mike Lee, R-Utah.
In late 2020, a coalition of 10 state attorneys general brought a lawsuit against Google alleging that its market dominance lets it overcharge businesses seeking to place ads online.
Justice Department changes directions on cybersecurity prosecution policy
On Thursday the Department of Justice announced it would reverse its charging policy on a federal computer fraud law, saying it will not prosecute “good-faith security research” efforts.
The change by the department relates to the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, defining good-faith research as “accessing a computer solely for purposes of good-faith testing, investigation, and/or correction of a security flaw or vulnerability” without any intention of harming the public.
Last year, Georgia police sergeant Nathan Van Buren was successful in appealing his conviction under the CFAA to the Supreme Court.
DOJ argued that he should not have taken a bribe to access a woman’s license plate information during a 2015 Federal Bureau of Investigation sting operation, while Van Buren claimed that he had legitimate access to the database.
Comcast plans to release hybrid fiber-coaxial multi-gig speeds in the coming months.
Comcast is preparing to roll out faster multi-gigabit speeds across its hybrid fiber-coaxial network, Fierce Telecom reported Thursday.
Multi-gig rollout is expected in the coming months.
At an investor conference Comcast CEO Dave Watson stated that his operator’s choice to roll out mid-split upgrades on the way to Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification 4.0 technology will allow it to take speeds to the next level.
“We have a very fast, very efficient path to multi-gig symmetrical at scale that we can do,” said Watson.
He feels comfortable that despite Comcast fiber deployments in select locations, the company feels comfortable that its HFC network will remain competitive.
He also reiterated previous comments that fixed wireless access service is not a threat and that it does not materially impact churn from fixed wireless competitors.
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